The montage has been used in film for a very long time, it's place was not always so well grounded though. In the 1920's there was a dispute as to how films considered what a montage was. The Soviet film makers at the time had a few different ideas about weither or not using a certian editing process was to be called a montage or not. Sergei Eisenstein had a theory about what a montage was, it was specificly that there are at least 6 types of montage to use in a film.
Montage is the grouping of two or more images to create a third.Meaning, two seperate images that are not in sequence of eachother, put together one after another would create a third seperate meaning or feeling that he viewer would infer.
in the beginning that is how it was used, two images creating a third. now monatge has evolved into more, we can use multiple pictures, or even clips of movement, to convey an emotion or meaning that can't easily be portrayed by a single actor.
1)Tonal- The empitome of emontional montages, this is always used to show an overbearing emotion. The most effective way to grab the attention of an audience is to tug at their heart strings, and that is what this type of montage does.
2)Rhythmic- This type of montage, is edited based on length of the clips and as to how they would flow together.
Mostly seen when used to show a solemn or slower moving scene. This type of montage is somewhat special in the fact that during silent film era, it was very much still used but as sound came into the world people realized that this type of montage could also be used for audio purposes as well. Again by Eisenstein, the most common example of this useage of montage is from his film "Battleship Potemkin."
3)Overtonal- An artsy version of three different types of montages. The three used are; Metric, Rhythmic, and Tonal.
these together are provide an exteme look at the scene or just an artful way of viewing a compound of clips to make an audience feel what is happening more than just processing the infromation.
4) Metric- Using the number of frames reguardless to the happenings in each clip. It is usually used when trying to show grab at a simple emotional heart string of the audience. The useage of this is type of montage is very basic, it does not have alot to offer besides the quick way it jumps at you making you try to focus more on the actual clips. The most common use of this is in a suspenseful moment. The most common example of this is Eisenstein's useage of Metric montage in his movie "October."
5)Juxtapose- The comparion or contrast of two film clips to show apart of the story in an "at-the-same-time" manner. To put in better perspective of both happenings it is better to see both of the senario's, and to see the whole idea even more clearly you juxtapose them by setting them side by side.
6)Intellectual- A way of showing what you mean threw a visual metaphor. This proves useful in a variety of ways, one of such ways is that it can deepen the meaning of the scene. Another way is that it shows things from a few different prespectives, and makes the meaning maybe just that bit more relatable.This is the most used of the 6 as of recent.
that can also be shown in a "flashback" scenes shown in sequence to show what the actor is "remembering' or how a director will show the past so it's not in length.
- Metric Montage - this is the running time of the shot or each of the shots. see it
- Rhythmic Montage - this combines elements of the first concept / since it is about rhythm, the combination or collision of two shots or the "rhythm" of the shots. How the movement in one shot affects the movement in the next shot. Here, movement takes precedence over length. see it
- Tonal Montage - this is the dominant emotional tone. How the images produce a desired emotional affect on the viewer through similar or different images. see it
- Overtonal Montage - this takes the previous three elements to produce the overall affect or emotinal pull. How the viewer feels after watching the film. see it
- Intellectual Montage - this is the conscious creation of new ideas when two shots or images are cut together to form a new idea or object. see it